A technique to overcome traumatic experience
What is EMDR?
E.M.D.R. stands for "Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing": a special technique to elaborate small and big traumas threatening self-integrity.
What is a trauma?
We experience a trauma when our safety is in danger, or when we witness or we become aware that the safety of our beloved ones is in danger. This can happen in the case of dramatic and terrifying events (such as car-accidents, hearthquakes or serious injuries), but also in the case of small, yet repeated, events (such as verbal and sexual abuse, domestic violence, constant neglect from the caregiver, abandonments). The first kind of events might lead to a PTSD (post-traumatic stress disorder), the latter to a complex PTSD (c-PTSD also known as Complex Trauma Disorder).
What are consequences of a trauma?
The traumatic experience can be so overwhelming that sensations, feelings and thoughts of the moment are not properly processed, preventing the creation of a unitary contruct in one's own memory network and leading towards the dis-integration in one's own identity.
How does EMDR work?
During an EMDR session, the patient recollects the trauma whilst at the same time focusing on an external stimulus that is meant to activate together both the hemispheres of the brain. This process facilitates the access to all the information stored about the event, allowing a new processing of the event-associated physical sensations, thoughts and feelings, so to create a new memory track that is more adaptive, throguh new associations that can be integrated in the personal history and in one's own identity.